Stable oxygen isotope analysis and the seasonal exploitation of Patella depressa Pennant, 1777 during the Mesolithic in the Cantabrian region (N Iberia)
Asier García-Escárzaga  1, 2@  , Igor Gutiérrez-Zugasti  3@  , David Cuenca-Solana  3, 4@  , Manuel Ramón González-Morales  3@  , Jana Zech  5@  , Patrick Roberts  2, 6@  
1 : Departamento de Geografía, Prehistoria y Arqueología, Universidad del País Vasco  (UPV)  -  Website
C/ Tomás y Valiente s/n, 01006, Vitoria-Gasteiz (Basque Country) -  Espagne
2 : Department of Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History  (MPI-SHH)  -  Website
Kahlaische Strasse 10. 07745 Jena -  Allemagne
3 : Instituto Internacional de Investigaciones Prehistóricas de Cantabria, Universidad de Cantabria, Gobierno de Cantabria, Santander  (IIIPC)  -  Website
Edificio Interfacultativo, Avda. de los Castros s/n, 39005 Santander, Cantabria -  Espagne
4 : UMR-6566, Centre de Recherche en Archéologie, Archéosciences, Histoire (CReAAH)
CReAAH, UMR 6566
5 : Department of Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History  (MPI-SHH)  -  Website
Kahlaische Strasse 10 -  Allemagne
6 : School of Social Sciences, University of Queensland

Investigations conducted during last few decades in the Cantabrian region (N Iberia) have greatly increased our knowledge in relation to littoral resources exploitation patterns during the Mesolithic period (ca. 10,500 - 6,700 cal BP). Stable oxygen isotope ratios (δ18O) can act as powerful recorders of the seasonal seawater temperature variations experienced by a mollusc in the past, enabling us to accurately establish the period of the year when it died/was collected by humans. Recent studies applying this methodology to mollusc shells have allowed us to properly determine seasonal exploitation patterns of the topshell Phorcus lineatus (da Costa, 1778) and the limpet Patella vulgata Linnaeus, 1758 in the Cantabrian region. Results obtained so far have reported differences collection strategies depending on the species, with P. lineatus collection patterns being driven by a cost-benefit principle. However, while the limpet, Patella depressa Pennant, 1777 is one of the most common mollusc species found in Holocene archaeological assemblages along the Atlantic façade of Europe, seasonal collection patterns in relation to this species have been under-studied. Here, we apply stable oxygen isotope analyses to P. depressa shells recovered from the shell midden site of El Mazo cave (Asturias, Spain) to determine if there are seasonal patterns in its exploitation by humans. We also undertake a modern experimental programme, collecting P. depressa individuals all year round from N Iberia, in order to establish whether the observed seasonality (if any) is caused by cost-benefit principles or other cultural factors. The results obtained allow us to better understand patterns of littoral resource exploitation and overall subsistence of some of the last specialized hunter-fisher-gatherers in western Europe.

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