Environment and firewood use at Tourasse cave (South-West France) around the Late Glacial-Holocene transition
Aurélie Liard  1, *@  , Benjamin Marquebielle  2, *@  , Jean-Paul Huot  3, *@  , Auréade Henry  1, *@  
1 : Culture et Environnements, Préhistoire, Antiquité, Moyen-Age  (CEPAM)  -  Website
Université Côte d'Azur, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR7264
Université Nice Sophia Antipolis Campus Saint-Jean-dÁngély - SJA3 24, avenue des Diables Bleus 06357 Nice Cedex 4 -  France
2 : Travaux et recherches archéologiques sur les cultures, les espaces et les sociétés  (TRACES)
Université Toulouse 2, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR5608
Maison de la Recherche, 5 allée Antonio Machado 31058 TOULOUSE Cedex 9 -  France
3 : Chercheur Indépendant
Chercheur indépendant
* : Corresponding author

The aim of this paper is to present new data on vegetation dynamics and firewood collection practices during the Late Glacial and the Early Holocene in South-Western France. Tourasse cave is located in the Pyrenean foothills, where the Azilian cultural complex was initially defined. Charcoal analysis was performed on its Azilian (ca. 13000-11500 cal BP) and Sauveterrian (ca. 10500-9000 cal BP) levels, excavated during the 1980's and 1990's and currently being revisited with additional multidisciplinary analyses. Our results evidence a closing environment with the gradual passage from an open shrubland to the mixed oak forest, speaking in favor of the biochronological coherence of this sequence. However, marked differences in taxonomic richness and state of the wood from one level to another, unrelated to the prevailing environmental conditions, suggest variable behavior towards wood that could result from differing mobility strategies, hearth functionalities or taxonomic preferences.


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