Program > By author > Valois Laurent

Experimental approach of prehistoric rock art in the sandstone chaos of Fontainebleau massif : analysis of the engraved material, technical choices and engraving durations in a ritual practice dating from the 8th millennium BCE
Alexandre Cantin  1@  , Alain Bénard  1@  , Colas Guéret  1@  , Emilie Lesvignes  1@  , Michel Rey  2@  , Eric Robert  3@  , Médard Thiry  4@  , Boris Valentin  1@  , Laurent Valois  2@  
1 : ArScAn, UMR 7041 - Equipe Ethnologie préhistorique  -  Website
CNRS : UMR7041, Université Paris 1 - Panthéon-Sorbonne, Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense, Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication
Maison des sciences de l'Homme Mondes - 21 allée de l'Université - 92 023 Nanterre Cedex -  France
2 : Groupe d'étude, de recherches et de sauvegarde de l'art rupestre  (GERSAR)  -  Website
Direction des affaires culturelles île de France
3 : Histoire naturelle de l\'Homme préhistorique  (HNHP)  -  Website
Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Université de Perpignan Via Domitia, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR7194, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR7194
Institut de Paléontologie Humaine 1, rue René Panhard 75013 Paris -  France
4 : MINES ParisTech  -  Website
PSL Université
60 boulevard Saint-Michel - 75272 Paris Cedex 06 -  France

This talk develops the experimental and archaeometrical approach of Fontainebleau's engravings undertook over the last three years in the framework of a collective research program on Fontainebleau's rock art featured in this session (B. Valentin et al.). Based on a detailed knowledge of the engraved material, the present contribution evaluates the technical involvement of mesolithic hunter-gatherers into these symbolic practices by examining two dimensions. The first one is technical and concerns the scarcity of curved grooves : is that scarcity resulting from a cultural choice or a material constraint linked to the engraved sandstone or the lithic tools ? The second one is temporal with the time span to complete the main patterns (grooves and grids) which is an essential data needed to understand this vast rupestrian phenomenon.

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