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Forests, wild game and humans -paleoecological aspects of large herbivore foraging reflected in stable isotopes and dendrological indications of bark-stripping and its implications for Mesolithic hunting
Ola Magnell  1, *@  , Johannes Edvardsson, Anton Hansson  2@  , Björn Nilsson  3@  , Arne Sjöström  3@  
1 : Arkelologerna, National History Muesums,/Lund University
2 : Department of Geology, Lund University
3 : Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Lund University
* : Corresponding author

The submerged seascapes with refuse layers containing animal bones and in situ standing rooted pine trees from the low-stand sea level of the Baltic Sea at Haväng in southeastern Sweden reveals paleoecological conditions for animals and humans in the Early Mesolithic coastal zone. Stable isotope signatures (δ13C and δ15N) of bones from large herbivores (aurochs, moose and red deer) have been analyzed in order to study foraging habitats over time from the open woodlands of the Late Preboreal (ca 8 600 BC) to climax forest of the Late Atlantic Chronozone (ca 5000 BC), but also between the coastal and inland zones. The result indicates changes of foraging habitats related to increasing forest cover/canopy effect (δ13C), but possibly a more open forests in the costal zones. All three taxa of large herbivores seem to have responded differently to changes of forest environment reflected in their foraging (δ15N). Dendrological damages on submerged pine trees reflecting bark-stripping by large herbivores have resulted in new approach to study densities of Mesolithic wild game populations and indicates relatively high abundance of large herbivores in the coastal zone during the Early Mesolithic. The impact of the environmental changes on the populations of large herbivores and its implications for the hunting by the Mesolithic hunter-gatherers will also be discussed.

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